We protect future, protecting nature!
Русский | English

Official site

Ergaki Nature Park

Flora of the Park

     Territory of Ergaki Nature Park is characterized by a series of vertical zones with distinctive climate and vegetation regimes. Foothills, sunny slopes and river terraces are covered by light coniferous pine-larch taiga, which grows from about 600 to 1300 meters above sea level.           The higher altitudes are dominated by dark-coniferous taiga consisting of spruces, firs and Siberian pine trees known here as cedars. Subalpine forest is a transition zone  from dense forest  below to alpine tundra above treeline.

     Subalpine forest zone, consisting of scattered Siberian pine dark coniferous forest and undergrowth of dwarf birch, alder and Labrador tea occupies elevations up to 1700 m. Vegetation in this zone is a mosaic of tree clumps and colorful subalpine herbaceous meadows. The meadows are a favorite spectacle for park visitors, who flock to see the elaborate wildflower displays in the meadows. In end of June snow retreats and gives way to blooms of aconites, columbines, globeflowers even at high elevations.

     Higher altitudes are taken by tundra-alpine zone with various Alpine meadow and tundra plant communities. Patches of cryo-tolerant nival plants such as Buttercup Altai, sibbaldia, different species of mosses grow near remaining traces of snow along the ravines, at wet shadowed slopes and along streams.

     Due to variety of vegetation zones Ergaki Nature Park is home for about 1500 species of vascular plants, hundreds of species of mosses, lichens and fungi. About 10% of species are listed in local, national and international Red Data books as rare or endangered ones. Two hundred sixty-seven species of plants are endemic. Some species of aconites (Aconitum sajanense Kumin), globe flowers (Trolliusvitalii), milkweeds (Euphorbia ambukensis), hawkweeds (Pilosellakebeshensis) и some other species belong to the group of species restricted to this specific region. The studies of last decades proved that there are more endemic species -  local forget-me-nots (Myosotis ergakensis), pasque flowers (Pulsatillausensis), lichenized fungi (Cetrelia  sayanensis), etc.

     Relict species and ecosystems of the era of Northern Asia nature development are of particular interest. You can see relict ferns (Polystichumbraunii (Spenn) Fee), aquatic plants (Isoёtesechinospora Durieu) and numerous types of clubmosses which practically have not changed since the era of the dinosaurs.

     The Park is rich in non-timber food plant species, honey plants and medical plants. About three hundred species of berries, mushrooms, nuts and even more medical plants grow on the protected area.